An enterprise web application is all about business solutions. It offers you support to record and manage the ingress and egress operations of a company. Such applications will save your time by cost-effectively helping you transform your company and taking it a step ahead in this globally digitalized world. Enterprise applications are goal-driven, scalable, sophisticated, and adaptable. In the modern work environment, they are an exceptionally intricate framework that is easy to use and content-driven, while meeting all the prerequisite protocols for maintenance and security.
What is a Java Framework?
Java frameworks adopted by developers are large blocks (generally classes) of pre-composed codes, which operate in the Java programming language. It is the groundwork of pre-defined codes that serve as a template for the developers to build an application as per the specifications. There are several popular Java frameworks such as Spring, Grails, Play, Struts, Java Server Faces (JFS), and Google Web Toolkit (GWT). While building up a web app for your enterprise you need to pick a relevant Java framework that fulfills all your requirements. Choosing a Java framework for an enterprise depends on what type of web app are you building and what it will be used for.
Adopting a framework for your project can be a daunting task, especially if you’re starting fresh and have no proficiency in Java. If you are in a dilemma about which one to pick, analyze the concept, and be certain that all your queries related to time, cost, and resources were dealt with. To give you some clarity we have reviewed some of the prominent web Java frameworks in this blog, which is readily available in the market.
Important considerations for choosing the correct Framework
Before going straight to selecting frameworks let’s take a look at various aspects you should be mindful about.
- License: Check what kind of license the framework comes under, most of the licenses are liberal and lets you create commercial applications while some of them are not so much.
- Software Pattern: Almost all the frameworks are designed on the MVC model. MVC design helps you keep the data, the model, the controller, and the user interfaces separate. Which helps you write better codes and hence results in better application. You need to know more about MVC variants such as Model View Presenter (MVP), Model View Adapter (MVA), and Application View Controller (AVC).
- Ease of Installation: A framework may come loaded with dynamic features but the ease of installation plays a crucial role. It can pose a serious problem if it has a complex installation and deployment process. Choose the one which gets up and running in no time.
- Learning Curve: Some frameworks are more flexible while others are strict and show an error at the smallest mistake. The wisest decision would be to pick the one with the smallest learning curve possible. If you don’t know Java make sure to add the language to the learning curve itself.
- Bug Fixes and Updates: Select a framework that is not stagnant and is updated often. More importantly, it notifies you about the bug and fixes the issues as soon as it arises.
Now, let’s take a look at the top Enterprise Edition Java Frameworks.
The spring actually by far is the most utilized and popular design. This framework incorporates the most advanced and well-formed features, services, and resources. A developer can use these elements to the best of their abilities and can practically build any type of web application. The Spring framework functions on the JVM and also performs adequately with alternative computing styles like Groovy and Kotlin. The spring structure is adopted to perform the recurring task in development such as data handling, reporting, and data security. The design of the spring framework is incredibly sophisticated as compared to alternative structures, but it consists of many ingenious features to furnish an efficient enterprise edition web app.
- Easy testability and backward compatibility.
- Easy to read manual to learn about the Framework more effectively.
- A large number of codes and classes improve productivity.
- Spring supports XML and annotation-based configuration.
Hibernate is another well-known Java Framework also called Object-Relational Mapping (ORM) framework. It is widely used to build database structures as it provides smooth communication between the Java programming language and Relational Database Management System (RDBMS). It has HQL which is a query language for database management. When you work with Java Framework you may encounter issues like “Object-Relational Impedance” mismatch. This occurs when Object-Oriented Languages and RDBMSs handle data differently. Hibernate Framework can overcome the mismatch problems of Java.
- Allows you to develop persistent classes following the object-oriented method.
- You can create persistent classes by an object-oriented medium.
- Allows you to communicate with the database using very little alterations in the code by bridging the gap between the relational and object worlds.
- ORM Framework gives portability, productivity and it is easy to maintain.
Another enterprise-level framework is by the Apache Software Foundation called Struts which is a free, open-source Model View Controller (MVC) Framework, used to build attractive and elegant Java applications. It allows you to extend the framework by creating JAR files to the classpath of the Java web application. The framework integrates with several plugins which let you incorporate Struts with different Java frameworks like Spring JSF, Junit, etc.
- Easy application manageability reduces the development time.
- Integration with other frameworks via plugins.
- A stable and well-tested framework that supports SOAP, AJAX, and API.
Java Server Faces (JSF)
Java server faces is used to build user interfaces for Java-based web applications it is developed by Oracle and unofficial standard of the Java Community Process (JCP) initiative. It is tremendously comfortable to use if you use an Integrated Development Environment (IDE). It is a component-based user interface that defines the distinction between application logic and representation.
- It is an integral part of Java Enterprise Edition (JEE).
- Existing backend Java code can be expanded with a web interface without changing the base application, by introducing a new framework.
- It has excellent tools and libraries.
- Component-based user interface framework which helps in building a native application.
Google Web Toolkit
- Uses Google APIs.
- Developer-friendly structure.
- Allows you to maintain and create complex
- Support portability, user interfaces, abstraction, bookmarking, and history management.
It is a user-friendly full-stack framework suitable for beginners’. Grails framework works on the Java platform. Written in Groovy programming language and is also compatible with Java syntax. Grails is based on MVC design architecture. It provides built-in support for REST APIs which makes it smooth for a user to create a web app. It can work efficiently for a mixed Java and Groovy code as well, you can easily integrate Java code with Grails.
- It is developer-friendly and comes with an elaborated easy to read manual.
- You can include IDE for different platforms and build your plugin.
- It is best suited for e-commerce websites.
Java is one of the most reputed and utilized programming languages in the world. Numerous frameworks are developed in Java to generate diverse web applications for different platforms. The challenge is to choose the right framework among the above-mentioned, to develop your dream application.